In theory, governments are elected to act on behalf of their citizens and in the best interests of the majority. The legislative actions of governments, however, can be problematic. Whereas laws banning controversial substances intend to protect the interests of the majority, other parties in society may see them as detrimental to their interests. The banning of the use of bovine growth hormone by the federal government has had significant implications for the milk industry and has also thwarted the marketing plans of the Monsanto company, one of the world’s corporate chemical giants. This News in Review report is another example of the complicated relationship between politics and public health.