This video introduces two Russian scientists Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov, working at Manchester University. They talk about the experiment they were carrying out when they accidentally discovered the process for extracting an amazing material called graphene in 2004. They talk about their scientific method and hypothesis, and how, by stripping away layers of graphite with strips of sticky tape, they made their discovery. They talk about how they carried out the experiment by examining the sticky tape under a microscope, to see the flakes of graphite, and noticed there were layers of different thicknesses. They repeated the experiment over and over again until the graphite was one layer thick. They explain how graphene has many unusual properties. We learn that they were awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics for their pioneering research. Teacher notes: As a starter to introduce a practical science activity, you could write a simple quiz to encourage students to capture the keywords shown in the video. Students can write their own definitions of these words using the internet or science dictionaries to improve their scientific vocabularies. To consolidate their knowledge, you could get students to make booklets that include key information about the work of Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov. They could define the keywords featured in the video and find five or more additional pieces of information about the work of the scientists using books, encyclopedias or the internet.